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Kondana Fort Information in English And Hindi

Kondana Fort




Sinhagad is a slope fortification situated around 35 km southwest of the city of Pune, India. A portion of the data accessible at this stronghold proposes that the fortress could have been manufactured 2000 years prior. The caverns and the carvings in the Kaundinyeshwar sanctuary remain as evidence for the equivalent. 
Sinhagad or Kondhan Main Entrence
Sinhagad Main Entrence


Recently known as Kondhana, the fortress had been the site of numerous fights, most quite the Battle of Sinhagad in 1670. Roosted on a segregated bluff of the Bhuleswar go in the Sahyadri Mountains, the fortress is arranged on a slope around 760 meters over the ground and 1,312 meters above mean ocean level. 

Pune Darwaza and  Kalyan Darwaza 

Pune Darwaza and  Kalyan Darwaza
Pune Darwaja

The Sinhagad (Lion's Fort) was deliberately worked to give regular security because of its extremely steep slants. The dividers and bastions were built distinctly at key spots. There are two entryways to enter the post, the Kalyan Darwaza and Pune Darwaza which are situated at the southeast and north-east finishes individually. The post was likewise deliberately situated at the focal point of a string of other Maratha Empire strongholds, for example, Rajgad Fort, Purandar Fort, and Torna Fort.


The Sinhagad Fort was at first alluded to as "Kondhana" after the sage Kaundinya. The Kaundinyeshwar sanctuary including the caverns and carvings shows that the stronghold had presumably been worked around 2,000 years back. It was seized by Muhammad canister Tughlaq from the Koli lord Nag Naik in 1328 AD. 

Shahaji Bhosale, in light of the fact that the leader of Ibrahim Adil Shah I, was depended with the control of the Pune district. His child Shivaji declined to just acknowledge the Adilshahi and started the errand of fixing Swarajya. Shivaji dealt with Kondana in 1647 by persuading Siddi Amber, the Adilshahi Sardar who controlled the stronghold, that he, the child of Shahaji Bhosale, could deal with the fortress' protections ideally. Bapuji Mudgal Deshpande assumed a key job during this movement. Adil Shah imprisoned Siddi Amber for this treasonous demonstration and plotted to ask it back. He detained Shahaji Bhosale for a created wrongdoing and educated Shivaji. In 1649, Adil Shah exchanged the fortress for Shahaji's discharge. Shivaji Maharaj recovered it in 1656 again with the help of Bapuji Mudgal Deshpande who persuaded the Fort authority by giving area inside the recently made Shivapur town and calmly dealt with the post. 

This fortification saw assaults by Mughals in 1662, 1663 and 1665. In 1664, "Shahistekhan", a Mughal general, attempted to reward the individuals of the fortification convenient it over to him yet was ineffective. 

Through the Treaty of Purandar, the stronghold went under the control of the Mughal armed force boss "Mirzaraje Jaysingh" inside the year 1665. 

 Shivaji Maharaj re-conquered Kondana

Shivaji Maharaj re-conquered Kondana

In 1670, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj reconquered the stronghold for the third time and hence the fortification came and remained under the Maratha rule till 1689 A.D. 

After the passing of Sambhaji, the Mughals recaptured control of the fortress. The Marathas headed by "Sardar Balkawade", recovered it in 1693. Chhatrapati Rajaram took refuge during this fortress during a Mogul strike on Satara yet passed on inside the Sinhagad Fort on 3 March 1700 A.D. 

In 1703, Aurangzeb vanquished the post. In 1706, it again went under the control of the Maratha's. Panaji Shivdev of Sangola, Visaji Chafar and the Pant Pratinidhis assumed a key job right now. The post stayed under the Maratha rule till the year 1818, after which British vanquished it. The British, be that as it may, took 3 months to catch this post, which was longest it took them to win any fortification in Maharashtra. 

One of the first renowned fights on Sinhagad was battled by Tanaji Malusare, a Koli general of Chhatrapati Shivaji of the Maratha Empire in order to recover the fortification on March 1670. 

A precarious precipice bringing about the fortification was scaled inside the dead of the night with the help of a restrained screen named "Yashwant", casually alluded to as a ghorpad. From that point, A wild fight resulted among Tanaji and his men versus the Mughal armed force headed by Udaybhan Singh Rathod, a Rajput Sardar who had control of the post. Tanaji Malusare lost his life, yet his sibling Suryaji dominated and caught the Kondhana fortification, presently alluded to as Sinhagad. 

There is a tale that after becoming aware of Tanaji's passing, Chhatrapati Shivaji communicated his regret with the words, "Stray ala, skillet Sinha gela" - "The Fort is vanquished, yet the Lion was lost". 

As per a few, the name Sinhagad originates before this occasion. A bust of Tanaji Malusare was set up on the fortress inside the memory of his commitment to the fight.













कोंडाणा

कोंडाणा महाराष्ट्र के प्रख्यात दुर्ग सिंहगढ़ का प्राचीन नाम है.


सिंहगढ़ दुर्ग

सिंहगढ़ यह प्रसिद्ध क़िला महाराष्ट्र के प्रख्यात दुर्गों में से एक था। यह पूना से लगभग 17 मील दूर नैऋत्य कोण में स्थित है और समुद्रतट से प्रायः 4300 फ़ुट ऊँची पहाड़ी पर बसा हुआ है। इसका पहला नाम कोंडाणा था जो सम्भवतः इसी नाम के निकटवर्ती ग्राम के कारण हुआ था। दन्तकथाओं के अनुसार यहाँ पर प्राचीन काल में 'कौंडिन्य' अथवा 'श्रृंगी ऋषि' का आश्रम था।



इतिहासकारों का विचार है कि महाराष्ट्र के यादवों या शिलाहार नरेशों में से किसी ने कोंडाणा के क़िले को बनवाया होगा। मुहम्मद तुग़लक़ के समय में यह 'नागनायक' नामक राजा के अधिकार में था। इसने तुग़लक़ का आठ मास तक सामना किया था। इसके पश्चात् अहमदनगर के संस्थापक मलिक अहमद का यहाँ पर क़ब्ज़ा रहा और तत्पश्चात् बीजापुर के सुल्तान का भी। छत्रपति शिवाजी ने इस क़िले को बीजापुर से छीन लिया था। शायस्ता ख़ाँ को परास्त करने की योजनाएँ शिवाजी ने इस क़िले में रहते हुए ही बनाई थीं और 1664 ई. में सूरत की लूट की पश्चात् वे यहीं पर आकर रहने लगे थे। अपने पिता शाहूजी की मृत्यु के पश्चात् उनका अन्तिम संस्कार भी यहीं पर किया गया था।


1665 ई. में राजा जयसिंह की मध्यस्थता द्वारा शिवाजी ने औरंगज़ेब से सन्धि करके यह क़िला मुग़ल सम्राट को कुछ अन्य क़िलों के साथ दे दिया पर औरंगज़ेब की धूर्तता के कारण यह सन्धि अधिक न चल सकी और शिवाजी ने अपने सभी क़िलों को वापस ले लेने की योजना बनाई। उनकी माता जीजाबाई ने भी कोंडाणा के क़िले को ले लेने के लिए शिवाजी को बहुत उत्साहित किया। 1670 ई. में शिवाजी के बाल मित्र माबला सरदार तानाजी मालुसरे अंधेरी रात में 300 माबालियों को लेकर क़िले पर चढ़ गए और उन्होंने उसे मुग़लों से छीन लिया। इस युद्ध में वे क़िले के संरक्षक उदयभानु राठौड़ के साथ लड़ते हुए वीरगति को प्राप्त हुए। मराठा सैनिकों ने अलाव जलाकर शिवाजी को विजय की सूचना दी। शिवाजी ने यहाँ पर पहुँचकर इसी अवसर पर यह प्रसिद्ध शब्द कहे थे कि गढ़आला सिंह गेला अर्थात 'गढ़ तो मिला किन्तु सिंह (तानाजी) चला गया।' उसी दिन से 'गोंडाणा' का नाम सिंहगढ़ हो गया।

विजय का वर्णन: सिंहगढ़ की विजय का वर्णन कविवर भूषण ने इस प्रकार किया है:-

"साहितनै सिवसाहि निसा में निसंक लियो गढ़ सिंह सोहानी,
राठिवरों को संहार भयौ,
लरि के सरदार गिरयो उदैभानौ,
भूषन यों घमसान भौ भूतल घेरत लोथिन मानों मसानौ,
ऊँचे सुछज्ज छटा उचटी प्रगटी परभा परभात की मानों।"
इस छन्द में शिवाजी को सूचना देने के लिए ऊँचे स्थानों पर बनी फूस की झोपड़ियों में आग लगा कर प्रकाश करने का भी वर्णन है।